DESIGN JARGON

 

ABS -

AR -

CAD -

Chamfer -

Clearance -

COG -

Concept -

Draft -

DWG -

Ergonomic -

Exploded Drawing -

                                                          FDM -

                                                          Filament -

Fillet -

Flashforge Pro -

Fusion 360 - 

GA Drawing -

GearTrax -

IP Rating -

                                                          JIT -

                                                          Keyshot -

Laser Cutting -

Light Guides -

MOQ -

MVP -

                                                          Overmoulding -

                                                          Pad Printing -

PCB -

                                                              PLA -

                                                          Poka-Yoke -

Polyjet -

                                                          POS -

Product Design -

Prototype -

Raft -

                                  Render -

                                               RFQ -

                                               SLA -

                                                 SLS -

                                                         Snap fit -

Solidworks -

STL -

                                                 Support Material -

                                                          Surface Finish -

                                                          Tolerance -

                                                         Ultrasonic Welding -

Undercut -

 Virtual Reality -

 

 

 

ABS stands for Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene and is a synthetic polymer commonly used as 3D printing material.

Augmented Reality, the combined view of a superimposed computer generated image in the real world view of the user.

Computer Aided Design is the use of computer software to design a product.

An angled corner or edge. A chamfering tool is an editing tool used in CAD.

The gap left to ensure two surfaces can fit together comfortably.

Centre of Gravity is the point on a body from where the weight acts and is also considered as the centre of mass.

The idea behind a design and how a designer intends to solve a problem. Also considered as the initial idea.

A preliminary version of a design or a rough representation of the final design. 

A file format that is commonly used for 2 Dimensional CAD processes such as laser cutting.

The design of efficient and comfortable products for the working environment. 

A technical diagram conveying a 3D view of a product with all part/components arranged separately with equal spacing from its original position, including relations between each part.

Fused Deposition Modelling is an additive manufacturing technology commonly used for prototyping by extruding material in layers.

FDM 3D printers use materials in a spool of filament commonly PLA or ABS.

A rounded corner consisting of two intersecting lines and an arc connecting the endpoints. 

The Computer program used to convert CAD drawings into readable files to be 3D printed.

A cloud-based Computer Aided Design Program created by Autodesk used to draw and engineer parts.

The General Arrangement drawing is the layout and scale of a product and can consist of a breakdown of important information.

The software used to create spur, helical, straight bevel and involute splines with true involute tooth profiles.

International Protection rating, part of the IEC standards created to classify how susceptible a product is to harm or damage from external influences such as force, dust and water.

Just In Time, is the strategy of receiving goods only when they are needed to reduce the amount of waste and increase efficiency. 

A rendering application we use to create realistic images and animations of CAD models, to represent a final product.

The process of using computer aided lasers to cut materials with a high level of accuracy.

Also known as light pipes, the optical fibres used to control and manipulate light waves.

Minimum Order Quantity is the lowest quantity of a product that can be purchased from suppliers. 

Minimum Viable Product is the development of a new product to a sufficient standard at an early stage to obtain feedback and customer opinions for research.

Overmolding is a process where a single part is created using two or more different materials in combination. For example, the rubber grip on a toothbrush.

Printing 2D images onto 3D objects, the process is a transfer method involving silicone pads and substrates.

Printed Circuit Board, is the non-conductive board used to mount/solder electronic components neatly and safely, with etched conductive lines between each component. 

Short for Polylactic Acid. A biodegradable thermoplastic used as a 3D printing material. Is suitable for FDM printing using filament made of PLA.

'Poka-Yoke' is one of our favourite sayings, it is a Japanese term, meaning ' mistake proofing' or 'inadvertent error prevention'.

A 3D printing technology that produces smooth, accurate parts using microscopic layer resolution and a UV light to cure a liquid resin with a high level of accuracy.

Point Of Sale, a method of displaying or promoting a product. 

Creating a new product to be sold by a business to its customers, using research and development to reach a final product.

The preliminary physical versions of a product from which the form and function will be developed further.

A flat layer of support material used to prevent warping by acting as a guide for a 3D part to be printed on. The raft is a form of adhesion to help prints stick to the printer bed temporarily.  Once the print has finished the raft is discarded.

Rendering is the process of adding colour, texture and shading to a CAD model, to create realistic representations of the product. This is used to describe the physical properties of an object.

Request For Quotation, the business process involving suppliers bidding for specific products or services. Also known as IFB, Invitation For Bid.

Stereolithography is a form of 3D printing technology used for creating models in a layer-by-layer process using Photopolymerisation a process by which light causes chains of molecules to link together.

Selective Laser Sintering is an additive manufacturing technique that uses a laser as the power source to sinter powdered material.

Snap fit joints are a way of joining parts together without screws and simply pushing and 'snapping' joints into place.

A Computer-Aided Design program we use to draw and engineer parts and designs.

Short for Stereolithography, also known as Standard Tessellation Language or Standard Triangle Language. A file format describing the surface geometry of a 3D object without any colour or texture. Commonly used for 3D printing.

This is the extra material used to ensure a 3D print is able to print a part accurately and help with the placement of parts on the printer bed.

The outer texture, aesthetic and characteristics of a product. The finish can be determined by materials, the manufacturing of the product and final finishing processes.

The limits of variation for the dimensions of a design. For example, the spacing between a nut and bolt in order for the thread to work.

The industrial welding process that uses high-frequency ultrasonic vibrations to join two materials held under pressure. 

(Moulding), a feature of a moulded part preventing the part from being directly ejected from a moulding machine. 

Virtual Reality, the computer generated 3-dimensional environment viewed through an electronic headset, to simulate the user's interactions with the alternative reality.